Glossary of terms

Vocabulary of terms

Proximity cards – plastic cards operating upon engagement of electronic chips capable for remote collaboration with reading devices and determining access to that or another object or payment transaction.

Contactless chip — is a microprocessor-based data carrier built into the card that does not require any external physical contact.

Hologram – is a two or three-dimensional display of an object, ordinary being an identity indicative of a certain plastic card. 

Indent print - is a process opposite to embossing, i.e. digits or letters are pressed into plastic.

Magnetic stripe – is a carrier, which consists of three information recording tracks with a limited memory volume. In standard cases its width is 12.7 millimetres and is located within the distance of millimetres from the edge of the plastic card. Depending on coding, there are low coercitive (LоСо), medium coercitive (МеСо) and high coercitive (НiСо) magnetic stripes. 

Microtext – is a text not distinguishable by the human eye that is being read by special device, identifying originality and personalised data on the plastic card. 

Microstructure – the lines combined in a complicated way, acting in the capacity of the background of the plastic card sealed field. 

Offset printing – is a printing technology providing for paint transfer from a print form to a printing material through intermediate rubber cloth cylinder. 

Sublimate print (thermo transferring) – is used by special printers, operating by means of printing stripe and image transfer, in its turn, from the stripe to a card.

Screen process printing - is a technique to display text and graphic images by means of print form (pattern), through which paint penetrates to printing material.

PIN-code - is a personal identification number.

Signature panel – is a special layer applied to a card surface allowing to make inscriptions. 

Scratch panel - is an opaque protective layer applied to card surface above protected information (pin code, winning word, code for cash-in, etc.). 

Smart-card – is a plastic card with a built-in chip. In most cases, smart-cards contain chip and operational system controlled by device and access to the objects in its memory.  

Tipping – is a coating of embossed symbols by special foil of required colour. 

Foil printing – is an application of hot-leaf stamping technique by means of leaving foil imprint on the plastic card.

UV paint - is an image not seen in day light, applied by this paint, it light under ultraviolet illumination. 

Bar-code – is a sequence of black and white stripes representing certain information in a comfortable way for reading by means of a technical device.

Embossing – is a process of mechanical pressing out of alphanumeric information on the plastic card. 

Encoder – is a device for magnetic stripe coding.